Cortés repeatedly sought the Aztecs’ surrender, hoping to avoid the total destruction of the city, but it became clear that the Aztecs would fight to the death and the attackers were forced to close the lines of escape, no longer drawing back to their camps at night, but advancing all the time and destroying buildings to prevent their recapture. By 1520, a year before the conquest was complete, Europeans were already looking at Aztec art, shipped over the Atlantic. When the Spanish arrived, normally they would have been captured and sacrificed immediately. After a three-month siege, Spanish forces under Hernán Cortés capture Tenochtitlán, the capital of the Aztec empire. Cortes did all in his power to destroy the ancient Aztec culture. Velasquez canceled the voyage at the last minute. The Spanish had only discovered Mexico in 1518, the year before Cortes landed in Vera Cruz. (Image credit: Public domain. Cortés is a controversial figure, especially in Mexico, because of his treatment of natives. Click to see full answer Accordingly, why did the Aztecs think Cortes was a god? SURVEY . The Aztec civilisation, which flourished in the 14th century until the fall of the Aztec Empire in 1519, was a society based around agriculture. Dec 8, 2011 by Rosarie Salerno. How did it die. ), Woman's garden 'stepping stone' turns out to be an ancient Roman artifact, Identical twins don't share 100% of their DNA, An alien machine already visited us, Harvard astrophysicist still contends, New type of ultra-strong chemical bond discovered, Earth is whipping around quicker than it has in a half-century, Jaguar kills another predatory cat in never-before-seen footage. Why was Cortés able to conquer Montezuma and the Aztecs so easily? He helped oversee the building of Mexico City, which is still Mexico's capital today," said Cosme. What was the weather in Pretoria on 14 February 2013? The Aztecs were the most urbanized and developed empire in the Americas. NY 10036. He set out to rule them. Cuauhtemoc, the new Aztec emperor, was taken prisoner and later executed. Because of the different claims it think that Moctezuma may have not welcomed Cortés because he know about the conquest. These two empires came face to face in 1428 CE with the Tepanec War. Unfortunately, "when it came to the indigenous people, Cortés was not unique in his treatment and mindset," said Cosme. Mexico had, been discovered by the Spanish just a year prior, and they were eager to settle it. Click to see full answer Accordingly, why did the Aztecs think Cortes was a god? In 1540, he retired to Spain and spent much of his last years seeking recognition and rewards for his achievements. Aztec temples were places of worship for pagan gods. Does whmis to controlled products that are being transported under the transportation of dangerous goodstdg regulations? d cortés bribed the natives to betray the aztecs by (falsely) promising to leave them alone. The Aztecs go to loot the bodies, but they contract smallpox, and within 2 years, 95% of the Aztec population is dead (about 3 million people). Jessie Szalay - Live Science Contributor The Aztecs were in the midst of a full rebellion. La Malinche became an important figure in Cortés' life and legacy. Cortes conquered the Aztecs in 1521:-weaponry advantages-natives, who resented the Aztecs, especially their harsh practices, including human sacrifice. La Malinche helped Cortés manipulate Montezuma and rule Tenochtitlán through him. The Spanish had just defeated a Mayan army on the Yucatan Peninsula earlier, and they were confident that they could defeat the Aztecs. Cortes’s army besieged Tenochtitlan for 93 days. Columbus had set sail hoping to find a route to Asia or India. At that time the great empire of the Mexica—now known as the Aztecs… The Empire was actually a confederation of three city-states that shared power with one another. "For individual explorers, gaining public fame could potentially make them rich," said Cosme. Moctezuma and Cortes met for the first time outside the Aztec capital city of Tenochtitlan. That's how the Aztecs did things. That's how the Aztecs did things. What does cortes think of the aztec gods ... Cortes did not believe in the actual existence of the Aztec Gods, but used these gods to his advantage when trying to convince the Aztecs that he was a god himself--thus tricking them into giving him their gold. Copyright © 2021 Multiply Media, LLC. Gold. He founded a small settlement that would eventually become the city of Veracruz. The Aztec outnumbered the Spanish, but that didn't stop Hernán Cortés from seizing Tenochtitlan, the Aztec capital, in 1521. One of Cortés' men contracted smallpox from a member of the force from Cuba. Hernán Cortés was a Spanish conquistador, or conqueror, best remembered for conquering the Aztec empire in 1521 and claiming Mexico for Spain. You will receive a verification email shortly. Cortés knew Tlaxcala opposed the Aztecs, but he was unsure of his own reception. What route did Cortes take? Montezuma sent out envoys to meet the conquistador as he neared. They provided the Europeans with food, supplies and 20 women, including an interpreter called Malintzin (also known as La Malinche or Doña Marina). Montezuma II would have found it much easier to go against Cortes if he did not think of him as a god, that he should respect and fear and could be religiously punished for going against. "Like many explorers we know about today, Hernán (also known as Hernando) Cortés's role in the Age of Exploration was influential but controversial," said Erika Cosme, Administrative Coordinator of Education and Digital Services at The Mariner’s Museum and Park in Newport News, Virginia. Cortés traveled to Spain to plead with the king, but he was never again appointed to governorship. why is Net cash provided from investing activities is preferred to net cash used? Nope. True or False: After Cortes conquered the Aztecs he went back to live in mexico. What native people group did Hernan Cortes conquer? c many natives converted to christianity and were convinced to overthrow the aztecs for their religion. "It is also said that she informed Cortés of an Aztec plot to destroy his army," Cosme said. Cortes: Hernan Cortes was the Spanish Conquistador that destroyed the Aztec empire in the early 1500s. Although Montezuma II did not trust Cortés, he also was worried that Cortés was the Aztec god Quetzalcoatl. At age 14, Cortés was sent to study law at the University of Salamanca, but he was restless and unhappy. Because of the different claims it think that Moctezuma may have not welcomed Cortés because he know about the conquest. : 86–87 How effectively is still a matter of speculation, since Marina did not speak the dialect of the Aztecs, nor was she familiar with the protocols of the Aztec nobility, who were renowned for their flowery, flattering talk. Explain. (3) Based on these three documents, how confident are you in knowing what happened during their first meeting? The nation of Spread of Christianity. Since it was easier to grow crops than hunt, the Aztec diet was primarily plant-based and focused on a few major foods. In 1518, he set off to explore Mexico. Explain. He had the printing press, indicative of a relatively rapid global communications system. 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